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The Trial

Sacked! Fourth down and $1,699,999,999 to go for the U.S.F.L.

The $1 league: the rise and fall of the USFL

The price of monopoly.

What it costs to win a $3 lawsuit.

USFL vs. NFL: ratings, courtroom challenge.

USFL heading for showers?


(1988) 842 F.2d 1335

Seeking damages of $ 1.701 billion and appropriate injunctive relief, the USFL alleged that the NFL violated Sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Antitrust Act. After five days of deliberations, the jury found that the NFL had willfully acquired or maintained monopoly power in a market consisting of major-league professional football in the United States. The jury also found that the NFL's unlawful monopolization of professional football had injured the USFL. The jury awarded the USFL only $ 1.00 in damages, however, an amount that, even when trebled, was no consolation for the USFL. This case is important for its discussion of the monopoly status of professional sports leagues and the actions taken by those leagues to maintain that status.

Other USFL v. NFL Court References

USFL v. NFL (842 F.2d 1335), 19, 280, 286, 473, 490, 508-513
USFL v. NFL (887 F.2d 408), 286, 509
USFL v. NFL (634 F. Supp. 1155), 278, 285, 508-513
USFL v. NFL (644 F. Supp. 1040), 508
USFL v. NFL (84 Civ. 7484), 288